Learn about the types and processes needed to apply for divorce in Ohio. If you are facing an Ohio divorce, then you probably have lots of questions.  While the procedure might appear intense, familiarizing yourself with the various kinds of divorce can allow you to drive through the legal obstacles with greater assurance.  This report gives an overall guide to divorce from Ohio.

Ohio Residency Criteria and Premises for Divorce

To file for divorce in Ohio, the least one of the spouses had to have resided in the country for at least six weeks prior to submitting.  Unlike most states, Ohio also needs that one partner resides at the submitting county for at least 90 days.  (Ohio Rev Code § 3105.03 (2018).)§ 3105.03 (2018).)

Ohio enables both fault-based and no-fault divorce.  Nearly all couples select a no-fault divorce since it avoids assigning blame or digging into uncomfortable truth.  Instead, you can choose one of 2 no-fault grounds, which include:

  • living apart for at least one year, or
  • incompatibility.

Although rarely used, Ohio also provides an assortment of fault-based grounds, which include:

  • adultery
  • gross neglect of duty (failing to financially support your spouse)
  • bigamy
  • deliberate absence for at least one year
  • extreme cruelty
  • fraudulent contract
  • habitual drunkenness
  • imprisonment of the other spouse. (Ohio Rev Code § 3105.01 (2018).)

There’s a second no-fault choice available for Ohio couples that wish to go for a no-fault divorce and also have agreed on their divorce and property problems, which can be called a dissolution of marriage. This kind of divorce permits you to accelerate the procedure and normally ends up saving either side significant money.  Your partner must have resided in the country for six months, however, you can file your case in any district.  

Providing Your Papers

To submit a divorce in Ohio, you’ll require certain types of files. Ohio doesn’t have a uniform set of forms, therefore it is important to seek advice in a particular county to get a list.  At a minimum, you have to record the following:

  • complaint for divorce
  • request for service
  • affidavit of income and expenses
  • affidavit of property.

Furthermore, any Ohio case involving underage kids should incorporate a parenting proceeding affidavit, which obliges the filing parent to give details concerning the child’s home for the previous five years and a medical insurance policy affidavit.

A dissolution of marriage includes the collaboration of both parties.  If you decide to end your marriage through dissolution in Ohio, you have to file the vast majority of your papers upfront, prior to the clerk gives you a case ID.  Your dissolution must comprise the following files:

  • petition for dissolution of marriage (including waiver of service of process)
  • financial disclosure statement (sometimes called an affidavit of income, expenses, and property)
  • affidavit of property
  • a settlement agreement (also known as a separation agreement or divorce settlement agreement)
  • judgment entry.

If you’ve got minor kids, your dissolution should also include these documents along with mentioned above:

  • shared parenting plan (or sole custody agreement)
  • child support worksheet
  • parenting proceeding affidavit
  • health insurance affidavit
  • IV-D application (a form to enroll in child support services)

Filing the Documents

When you have assembled all of the necessary forms, you need to file them with the clerk of court in the county in which you want to proceed. To pursue a dissolution of marriage, you have to join your settlement arrangement to your request.  In case you’ve got children, you also have to have your own shared parenting strategy in your primary filing.

Serving Your Spouse

Ohio law requires that the filing partner provides another with copies of all divorce records.  You’re able to accomplish this via certified mail, registered mail, personal process support, or Sheriff’s assistance.  If you do not know your spouse’s present whereabouts, you might even publish notice of the divorce in the regional newspaper. 

There’s not any service requirement in dissolution cases, as both partners go in the situation with a complete understanding of this procedure and also an agreement regarding all of the difficulties. As soon as you’ve registered your request and all applicable forms, the court will automatically schedule a hearing between 30 and 90 days from the date of filing.

Financial Disclosures

Ohio law requires spouses to create a full disclosure of income, assets, and debts.  Some counties have their own distinct pretrial statement forms that include financial disclosures. At the vast majority of districts, spouses can swap financial information through an affidavit of income, expenses, and real estate, which both sides need to fill out and exchange together.  If you elect for a dissolution, you need to record your financial affidavit together with the rest of your initial paperwork.